The manufacturing sector has been greatly impacted by the Industrial Revolution and the world has moved towards automation and, finally, digital transformation is here to change the world with areas full of unexplored opportunities, IoT (Internet of things), and AI (Artificial Intelligence). The impact has been a customized production model instead of mass production. Digitization is happening on a rapid scale as customers’ demands and expectations are on a rise, leading to the integration of AI in electronic devices that see day-to-day use, making the entire operation automatic. The advent of artificial intelligence has meant a machine’s ability to learn and adapt to human behavior, which in turn led to robotics. Robotics is not a new concept; traditionally, robots were confined to performing repetitive tasks on the assembly line. Presently, robots are much more capable of identifying human behavior and are highly collaborative with different devices.
The process of forging produces some of the strongest manufactured components as compared to other metal manufacturing process, making it so important in the metal manufacturing industry. Forging does not change the grain structure of the metal as it is formed, making it all the more innovative. It is the process of shaping metals into desired dimensions by using compressive forces applied through various tools.